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The ASRS was designed to effectively identify symptoms, behaviours and associated features of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in children and adolescents aged 2 to 18.
This innovative instrument, authored by the highly respected Sam Goldstein, Ph.D., and Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D., is a norm-referenced assessment based on a nationally representative sample, designed to identify symptoms, behaviours and associated features of the full range of Autism Spectrum Disorders.
The ASRS scale is an easy-to-use and convenient tool intended for psychologists, school psychologists, clinical social workers, physicians, counsellors, psychiatric workers and pediatric/psychiatric nurses.
The ASRS will assist you in the diagnostic process. ASRS items assess DSM-V-TR™ symptom criteria for ASDs. When used in combination with other assessment information, results from the ASRS can help guide your diagnostic decisions, treatment planning, ongoing monitoring of response to intervention, and evaluating the effectiveness of a treatment programme for a child with an ASD.
How to use the Assessment
Using a five-point Likert rating scale, parents and teachers are asked to evaluate how often they observed specific behaviours in the child or adolescent in areas such as socialisation, communication, unusual behaviours, behavioural rigidity, sensory sensitivity and self-regulation.
You can choose between two versions: ASRS (2–5 Years) for ratings of children aged 2 to 5 and ASRS (6–18 Years) for ratings of children or adolescents aged 6 to 18. Paper-and-pencil administrations on ASRS Quikscore forms can be scored by hand.
Scales & Forms
- Unusual Behaviours
- Self-Regulation (ASRS [6–18 Years] only)
- Peer Socialisation
- Adult Socialisation
- Social/Emotional Reciprocity
- Atypical Language
- Behavioural Rigidity
- Sensory Sensitivity
- Attention/Self-Regulation (ASRS [2–5 Years] only)
- Attention (ASRS [6–18 Years] only)
The ASRS was standardised on 2,560 non-clinical cases from across the United States. The standardisation included 640 cases for the ASRS (2 to 5 Years) with 320 parent and 320 teacher forms and 1,920 cases for the ASRS (6 to 18 Years) with 960 parent and 960 teacher forms. Over 1,200 clinical cases were also collected. The disorders in the clinical sample include:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (Autism, Asperger's, Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified)
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
- Mood and Anxiety Disorders
- Disruptive Behavior Disorders
- And many more
The ASRS was found to demonstrate high levels of internal consistency (alpha ranging from .74 to .97). Test-retest reliability scores were computed for the ASRS scores over a 2- to 4-week interval. Overall, the test-retest values indicate excellent test-retest reliability (ranging from .72 to .93).
A series of discriminant function analyses were conducted in order to determine the ability of the scores to predict group membership in the Autism Spectrum Disorder or General Population groups. On average, the scales were able to very accurately predict group membership, with a mean overall correct classification rate of 92%.