Psychology > Generic > Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE)

Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE)


Key information

TOWRE measures word reading rate and accuracy. Superseded by the Second Edition of TOWRE.


Carl Rashotte,

Joseph K Torgesen,

Richard Wagner

Publication Year:


Age Range:

6 to 24 years 11 months


Individual - 5 to 10 minutes

Qualification Code:


Read the full product description


Provides reading speed for Special Examination Arrangements

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) is a reliable measure of word reading accuracy and fluency. Because it can be administered very quickly, the test provides an efficient means of monitoring the growth of two kinds of word reading skills that are critical in the development of overall reading ability: the ability to accurately recognise familiar words as whole units or “sight words” and the ability to “sound out” words quickly.

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency contains two subtests:

  • The Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest assesses the number of real printed words that can be accurately identified within 45 seconds
  • The Phonetic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest measures the number of pronounceable printed nonwords that can be accurately decoded within 45 seconds.

Each subtest has two forms (Forms A and B) that are of equivalent difficulty, and either one or both forms of each subtest may be given depending upon the purposes of the assessment. Percentiles, standard scores, and age and grade equivalents are provided. Subtest standard scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. Age and grade equivalents show the relative standing of individuals’ scores.


Price list

Form A record forms, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749120870
£62.40 inc VAT
Form B record forms, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749120887
£60.00 inc VAT

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