Wide Range Assessment of Visual Motor Abilities (WRAVMA)

For this product


Key information

Test visuomotor, visual-spatial and fine motor skills


David Sheslow,

Wayne Adams

Publication Year:


Age Range:

3 years to 17 years


Individual - 4 to 10 minutes

Qualification Code:


Read the full product description

Assess and compare visual spatial, fine motor, and integrated visual motor skills in children.

The WRAVMA is a well-standardised tool that provides a reliable, accurate evaluation of visual-motor skills of children and adolescents from ages 3 years to 17 years. The WRAVMA assesses three areas using three tests: the Drawing (Visual Motor) Test, the Matching (Visual-Spatial) Test, and the Pegboard (Fine Motor) Test.

Test Structure

  • Easy-to-use materials with the flexibility you need. Use each WRAVMA subtest individually or in combination.
  • The Drawing Test evaluates visual-motor integration by asking the child to copy designs arranged in order of increasing difficulty.
  • The Matching Test assesses visual-spatial skills by asking the child to look at an image and select the option that goes best with it. Again, items are arranged in order of increasing difficulty.
  • The Pegboard Test measures fine motor skills by asking the child to insert as many pegs as possible into a pegboard in 90 seconds. Normative data is provided for both the dominant and non-dominant hand.

A scaled score, standard score, age equivalent score, and percentile may be obtained for each subtest. A Visual-Motor Integration Composite score can be derived when all three subtests are used in combination.  

Features and benefits

  • Relevant to school-related activities. Difficulties performing visual-motor tasks, such as copying, drawing, or handwriting, can be linked to fine motor deficits, spatial deficits, and/or an integration deficit when motor and spatial systems are combined. The WRAVMA is uniquely suited to evaluate visual-motor ability because it makes meaningful distinctions between important contributing sub-areas.
  • Psychometrically sound. The norms for each test were derived from the same standardisation sample of 2,600 children in the US, permitting a valid comparison of a child’s overall visual-motor ability.
  • Comprehensive and economical. One set of materials can be used with children and adolescents ages 3-17 years.
  • Fast. Each subtest takes only 4-10 minutes to administer.  

Technical information

Normative data collected from 2,600 children on all three subtests. Reliability measures of the three subtests of the WRAVMA show internal consistency coefficients exceeding .90 and test-retest reliability coefficients ranging from .81 to .91. Construct validity is supported by item separations of .99.





Price list

Manual Administration Kits

Complete Kit:

Includes WRAVMA Administration & Scoring Manual, Drawing Forms (25), Visual Matching Forms (25), Examiner Record Forms (25), Pegboard and Pegs, Pencils, Markers, and Sharpener, black canvas bag
ISBN: 9780749170431
£536.40 inc VAT
Currently out of stock, available to pre-order


Drawing Forms, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749170448
£103.20 inc VAT
Currently out of stock, available to pre-order
Record Forms, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749170455
£103.20 inc VAT
Currently out of stock, available to pre-order
Matching Forms, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749170479
£103.20 inc VAT


ISBN: 9780749170462
£89.00 inc VAT
Currently out of stock, available to pre-order

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