Psychology > Child Cognition, Neuropsychology and Language > Child Language > Process Assessment of the Learner™ (PAL™): Guides for Intervention

Process Assessment of the Learner™ (PAL™): Guides for Intervention

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PAL: Guides for Intervention

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Create positive learning outcomes for students with reading and writing difficulties


Virginia Wise Berninger

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Use proven intervention strategies to create positive learning outcomes for students with reading and writing difficulties with the Process Assessment of the Learner™ (PAL™): Guides for Intervention.

You can facilitate effective intervention plans targeted to the prevention of learning problems in early grades and remediation for students experiencing reading and/or writing problems in any grade. PAL Guides for Intervention provides a thoughtful, systematic approach for both the classroom and special educational settings.

It is designed to utilise an integrative approach, grounded in research, to help school psychologists, special educators, teachers, and all members of multidisciplinary teams design effective IEPs.

It includes creative approaches and instructional resources for functional reading and writing systems in both individual or group settings.

Plans can be tailored to the individual needs and resources of local schools. When used in conjunction with proper assessment tools, PAL Guides for Intervention helps bridge the gap between assessment and intervention. Components include:

  • Guides for Intervention Manual - Outlines the conceptual foundations for the PAL Guides for Intervention approach, including the practical aspects of creating, implementing, and monitoring the effectiveness of intervention plans.

    It includes lessons and resources for implementing the intervention-assessment model described in the Manual and comes complete with pullout guides for parents and teachers to provide additional information on learning disabilities.
  • Talking Letters Teacher's Guide - Systematically teaches the connections between spelling and sound needed to apply the alphabet principle to reading and written expression. It includes a picture-sound dictionary on reproducible worksheets to use as transparencies or handouts, and step-by-step directions to implement intervention.
  • Talking Letters Student Desk Guides - Helps students develop phonological awareness for successful reading and writing outcomes. It includes two laminated Desk Guide cards to aid in decoding and orthographic coding of words. This card can be used with both PAL Talking Letters and PAL Handwriting Lessons.
  • Handwriting Lessons - Designed for developing handwriting automaticity. Reproducible pages include two sets of 24 lessons, each presenting all 26 alphabet letters, plus a writing prompt for composition. Both ball-and-stick and slanted letter styles are included.

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