MMPI-A-RF Manual

Key information

The most up-to-date, empirically based personality assessment for use with adolescents

Publication Year:


Age Range:

14 years to 18 years old


25 to 30 minutes computer-administered; 30-45 minutes paper and pencil

Qualification Code:


Read the full product description


The MMPI-A-RF is the most up-to-date, empirically based personality assessment for use with adolescents. The test mirrors the structure of the MMPI-2-RF, the most recent version for use with adults, and includes several adolescent-specific scales. The MMPI-A-RF is composed of 241 items, is linked to current models of psychopathology and personality, and features 48 empirically validated scales relevant for use with adolescents in a variety of clinical, forensic, and school settings.

The MMPI-A-RF provides a valuable alternative to the MMPI-A test. The MMPI-A test continues to be published and fully supported by the University of Minnesota Press and distributed exclusively by Pearson.

How to use this test

The MMPI-A-RF provides relevant information to aid clinicians in problem identification, diagnosis, and treatment planning for adolescents' ages 14 to 18. Clinical, Educational, and counseling psychologists can use this self-report inventory to support:

  • Diagnosis and treatment planning in a variety of settings.
  • Early identification of potential problems and possible root causes.
  • Information sharing with parents, teachers, and others in the adolescent's support network.
  • Decision making for appropriate referrals.

Key Features

  • Psychometrically up-to-date and linked to current models of psychopathology. The test manual provides comprehensive documentation on the development of this contemporary broadband assessment - including empirical correlates of the scales in a variety of settings.
  • Comparison Groups. Data are reported in the test manual, and can be accessed in the reports for an additional level of interpretation that allows the comparison of individual test results with relevant reference groups.
  • Customisable reporting. Innovative scoring and reporting software allows a clinician to create and share custom comparison groups as well as to set user-designated parameters for reporting item-level information on additional scales and for lowering cutoffs on critical responses.
  • Nationally representative normative sample. Drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample, the MMPI-A-RF norms consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18 years of age from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.
  • Only 30-45 minutes to administer. Save even more time with computer administration, which takes only 25 to 30 minutes.

Comparison Groups

The following gender-specific comparison groups are available in the Score and Interpretive Reports.

  • MMPI-A-RF Normative (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Outpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Inpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Acute Psychiatric Inpatient, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Residential Treatment, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Predisposition, Mid-Atlantic (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Correctional, National (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Detention, Midwest (boys)
  • Medical Setting, National (boys) (girls)
  • School Setting, National (boys) (girls)


CNS - Cannot Say (reported as a raw score only, not plotted)
VRIN-r - Variable Response Inconsistency
TRIN-r - True Response Inconsistency
CRIN - Combined Response Inconsistency
F-r - Infrequent Responses
L-r - Uncommon Virtues
K-r - Adjustment Validity

Higher-Order (H-O) and Restructured Clinical (RC)
Higher-Order (H-O)
EID - Emotional/Internalizing Dysfunction
THD - Thought Dysfunction
BXD - Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction

Restructured Clinical (RC)
RCd - Demoralization
RC1 - Somatic Complaints
RC2 - Low Positive Emotions
RC3 - Cynicism
RC4 - Antisocial Behavior
RC6 - Ideas of Persecution
RC7 - Dysfunctional Negative Emotions
RC8 - Aberrant Experiences
RC9 - Hypomanic Activation

Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing
MLS - Malaise
GIC - Gastrointestinal Complaints
HPC - Head Pain Complaints
NUC - Neurological Complaints
COG - Cognitive Complaints

HLP - Helplessness/Hopelessness
SFD - Self-Doubt
NFC – Inefficacy
OCS - Obsessions/Compulsions
STW - Stress/Worry
AXY - Anxiety
ANP - Anger Proneness
BRF - Behavior-Restricting Fears
SPF - Specific Fears

Externalizing and Interpersonal
NSA - Negative School Attitudes
ASA - Antisocial Attitudes
CNP - Conduct Problems
SUB - Substance Abuse
NPI - Negative Peer Influence
AGG - Aggression

FML - Family Problems
IPP - Interpersonal Passivity
SAV - Social Avoidance
SHY - Shyness
DSF – Disaffiliativeness

Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5)
AGGR-r - Aggressiveness-Revised
PSYC-r - Psychoticism-Revised
DISC-r - Disconstraint-Revised
NEGE-r - Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism-Revised
INTR-r - Introversion/Low Positive Emotionality-Revised

Psychometric Information

The MMPI-A-RF normative sample is drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample. It consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18 from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.

Scoring and Reporting

Q-global™ is Pearson’s new web based platform for scoring and reporting. It’s accessible anytime, from any computer connected to the Internet. Secure and affordable, this system helps you quickly and automatically organise information, generate scores, and produce accurate, comprehensive reports.

Pay-per-use reporting

Customers wishing to administer and score this assessment onscreen, can now pay per-report, giving you the flexibility to pay as the assessment is used.

Read more about scoring and reporting >



Price list

Manual Administration Kits

Starter Kit:

Includes manual, 25 answer sheets, all 5 sets of profile forms, all 5 sets of answer keys, and 1 durable spiral-bound test booklets.
ISBN: 9780749171407
£534.00 inc VAT

Starter kit with softcover booklets:

Includes manual, 25 answer sheets, all 5 sets of profile forms, all 5 sets of answer keys, and 5 softcover test booklets.
ISBN: 9780749171414
£534.00 inc VAT


Hand Scoring Answer Sheets, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749171391
£38.40 inc VAT
Higher Order and RC Scales Hand Scoring Profile Forms
ISBN: 9780749171360
£31.20 inc VAT
Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing Scales Hand-Scoring Profile Forms
ISBN: 9780749171346
£31.20 inc VAT
Answer Sheets, pack of 25
ISBN: 9780749171193
£25.20 inc VAT
Soft cover test booklets, pack of 5
ISBN: 9780749171223
£21.00 inc VAT

Manual Administration Components

Validity Scales Answer Key (plastic templates)
ISBN: 9780749171377
£50.40 inc VAT
Higher Order and RC Scales Answer Key (plastic templates)
ISBN: 9780749171353
£50.40 inc VAT
Available in 21 days after placing your order
Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing Scales Answer key (plastic templates)
ISBN: 9780749171339
£50.40 inc VAT
Externalizing, Interpersonal, and Interest Scales Hand Scoring Profiles
ISBN: 9780749171322
£31.20 inc VAT
Externalizing, Interpersonal and Interest Scales Answer Key (plastic templates)
ISBN: 9780749171445
£50.40 inc VAT
PSY-5 Scales Hand Scoring Profiles
ISBN: 9780749171421
£31.20 inc VAT
PSY-5 Scales Answer Key (plastic templates)
ISBN: 9780749171438
£50.40 inc VAT
Technical Manual
ISBN: 9780749171209
£53.00 inc VAT
User Guide for reports (print)
ISBN: 9780749171230
£40.00 inc VAT
Spiral bound test booklets, individual
ISBN: 9780749171216
£21.00 inc VAT
Audio CD
ISBN: 9780749171186
£69.60 inc VAT

Digital Scoring and Reporting

Q-global technical manual
ISBN: 9780749171261
£46.80 inc VAT
User guide for Q-global reports
ISBN: 9780749171278
£36.00 inc VAT

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