Assess and compare visual spatial, fine motor, and integrated visual motor skills in children.
The WRAVMA is a well-standardised tool that provides a reliable, accurate evaluation of visual-motor skills of children and adolescents from ages 3 years to 17 years. The WRAVMA assesses three areas using three tests: the Drawing (Visual Motor) Test, the Matching (Visual-Spatial) Test, and the Pegboard (Fine Motor) Test.
- Easy-to-use materials with the flexibility you need. Use each WRAVMA subtest individually or in combination.
- The Drawing Test evaluates visual-motor integration by asking the child to copy designs arranged in order of increasing difficulty.
- The Matching Test assesses visual-spatial skills by asking the child to look at an image and select the option that goes best with it. Again, items are arranged in order of increasing difficulty.
- The Pegboard Test measures fine motor skills by asking the child to insert as many pegs as possible into a pegboard in 90 seconds. Normative data is provided for both the dominant and non-dominant hand.
A scaled score, standard score, age equivalent score, and percentile may be obtained for each subtest. A Visual-Motor Integration Composite score can be derived when all three subtests are used in combination.
Features and benefits
- Relevant to school-related activities. Difficulties performing visual-motor tasks, such as copying, drawing, or handwriting, can be linked to fine motor deficits, spatial deficits, and/or an integration deficit when motor and spatial systems are combined. The WRAVMA is uniquely suited to evaluate visual-motor ability because it makes meaningful distinctions between important contributing sub-areas.
- Psychometrically sound. The norms for each test were derived from the same standardisation sample of 2,600 children in the US, permitting a valid comparison of a child’s overall visual-motor ability.
- Comprehensive and economical. One set of materials can be used with children and adolescents ages 3-17 years.
- Fast. Each subtest takes only 4-10 minutes to administer.
Normative data collected from 2,600 children on all three subtests. Reliability measures of the three subtests of the WRAVMA show internal consistency coefficients exceeding .90 and test-retest reliability coefficients ranging from .81 to .91. Construct validity is supported by item separations of .99.